media literacy

What is media literacy?

Media Literacy, as defined on dictionary.com: (noun) is the ability or skills to critically analyze for accuracy, credibility, or evidence of bias the content created and consumed in various media, including radio and television, the internet, and social media.

Media Literacy, further clarified:

Why is media literacy important to parents and youth?

 

 

 

PROTECTIVE FACTORS INCLUDE:

  • strong and positive family bonds;

  • knowledge of children's activities and peers;

  • clear and consistent rules and expectations;

  • performing at or above academic ability;

  • healthy peer relationships;

  • strong bonds with school, religious organizations, and/or extracurricular teams; and

  • open communication with children about family values and beliefs.

RISK FACTORS INCLUDE:

  • family history of use and/or misuse of substances or mental illnesses;

  • child with a current mental health or behavioral diagnosis;

  • lack of parent-child attachments and nurturing;

  • extremely shy or aggressive behavior in social settings;

  • performing below proven academic ability;

  • poor social and emotional coping skills;

  • unhealthy peer relationships; and

  • attitude that drug-using behaviors is acceptable.

Risk factors can increase a child’s chances for drug misuse, while protective factors can reduce the risk, and both can affect children at different stages of their lives. Some risk factors may be more powerful than others at certain stages in development, such as peer pressure during the teenage years; just as some protective factors, such as a strong parent-child bond, can have a greater impact on reducing risks during the early years.

 

The key risk periods for drug misuse are during major transitions in children’s lives, such as when they leave the security of the family and enter school. Later, when they advance from elementary school to middle school, and again when they enter high school. During these transitions, adolescents face additional social, emotional, and educational challenges. At the same time, they may be exposed to greater availability of drugs, drug abusers, and social activities involving drugs. These challenges can increase the risk that they will misuse alcohol, tobacco, and other substances.

Thankfully, at each transition, risks occur that can be changed or prevented with family, school, and community interventions that focus on helping children develop appropriate, positive behaviors.

NOTE: Most individuals at risk for drug abuse do not start using drugs or become addicted. Also, a risk factor for one person may not be for another.

Sources

​NIDA. "Risk and Protective Factors in Drug Abuse Prevention." National Institute on Drug Abuse, 1 Feb. 2002, https://archives.drugabuse.gov/news-events/nida-notes/2002/02/risk-protective-factors-in-drug-abuse-prevention. Accessed 12 Oct. 2020.

 

NIDA. "What are the early signs of risk that may predict later drug abuse?." National Institute on Drug Abuse, 25 May. 2020, https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/preventing-drug-use-among-children-adolescents/chapter-1-risk-factors-protective-factors/what-are-early-signs- Accessed 12 Oct. 2020.

"Influences on Substance Abuse [in Alaska]: Risk & Protective Factors". January 2011.

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